CALDAS ORGÂNICAS: UMA FORMA ALTERNATIVA DE CONTROLAR PRAGAS E DOENÇAS NAS PRODUÇÕES-FASE IV

Ciências Agrárias

ID 241-2020
Anos Finais do Ensino Fundamental Ensino Médio/Técnico

4ª FEMIC Jovem

Autores

Kétlyn Victoria Turetta
Dionéia Schauren (Orientadora)

Toledo, Paraná

Colégio Estadual Jardim Porto Alegre

FLIPBOOK do Trabalho

Este estudo tem o intuito de desenvolver diferentes caldas orgânicas para controlar o pulgão e a antracnose no tomate cereja de uma forma natural, dispensando o uso de agroquímicos utilizados nas produções.

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REsumo Científico

A produção orgânica tem como objetivo a preservação do meio ambiente e da saúde humana. Desta forma busca-se o uso de meios naturais que garantam a produtividade das culturas sem causar danos expressivos ao solo, à água e à qualidade dos alimentos. Para isso a produção e o controle de doenças e pragas devem ser feito sem o uso de agroquímicos, os quais contribuem significativamente para a contaminação do ambiente e dos alimentos produzidos. O tomate cereja é muito consumido em todo o Brasil, tendo muitos problemas em sua produção, como os pulgões e a antracnose. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar diferentes caldas orgânicas no controle de pragas como o pulgão e doenças como a antracnose em tomateiros, além de testar a eficiência destas no desenvolvimento dos tomates. As caldas foram compostas por alho, urina de vaca, Enxofre e folhas secas e moídas de Uva-do-Japão e allamanda. Com esses materiais diluídos em água, foram obtidos 12 tratamentos mais o controle. As caldas ficaram em um local sem incidência de luz durante uma semana, para então serem aplicadas nas plantas. As aplicações foram realizadas semanalmente utilizando um borrifador de pressão, durante aproximadamente três meses. As plantas foram observadas semanalmente para monitorar a presença de pulgões, outras pragas ou antracnose. Após o desenvolvimento dos frutos, os mesmos foram colhidos, levadas ao laboratório para fazer a coleta de dados, os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Scott-Knott a 5% de significância assim concluindo que as caldas foram eficientes para o controle do pulgão e da antracnose em todos os tratamentos testados, além disso, foram eficientes para o melhor desenvolvimento dos frutos, sendo melhor o tratamento contendo Uva-do-Japão, urina de vaca, alho e enxofre, com isso comprova-se a eficiência das caldas orgânicas.

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É proibida a reprodução, a distribuição, a transmissão, a exibição, a publicação ou a divulgação, total ou parcial, sem prévia e expressa autorização dos autores e a FEMIC – Feira Mineira de Iniciação Científica.


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